Over the holidays our family went to see the new Spielberg movie about Abraham Lincoln. We really enjoyed it. I was especially interested in the sets and costumes and very interested too in the portrayal of Mary’s companion and dress maker, Elizabeth Keckley.
In 2009 as we were preparing an exhibit we called, “Lincoln in the Library” we were looking closely at the items from our collection related to our 16th president. One of the more interesting books in our collection was Behind the scenes, or, Thirty Years a Slave and Four Years in the White House.
This book by Elizabeth Keckley is a real treasure. This memoir was written shortly after the Civil War and published in 1868. It was intended as a defense of Mrs. Lincoln who was under intense, and mostly negative, scrutiny at that time. Elizabeth Keckley was a black seamstress with a substantial D.C. clientele. Her story is amazing! She was born into slavery and taught to sew by her mother. She eventually purchased her freedom and that of her son. She was incredibly talented and hard working and built quite a business in Washington, D.C. Elizabeth had an influential clientele in the District and among them was Mrs. Jefferson Davis, later the First Lady of the Confederacy.
Keckley created Mary Todd Lincoln’s inaugural gown and, based on that excellent work, became Mrs. Lincoln’s friend, constant companion and dressmaker. Through this service, Elizabeth Keckley became very close to Mary and was, in fact, her closest friend and confidante in Washington. It seemed that this woman understood the temperament and sharp tongue of Mrs. Lincoln.
Mary Todd Lincoln was a controversial figure and much maligned in the press of the day. In the 1868 Preface, Keckley explains her reasons for writing this frank memoir, “If I have betrayed confidence in anything I have published, it has been to place Mrs. Lincoln in a better light before the world…My own character, as well as the character of Mrs. Lincoln, is at stake, since I have been intimately associated with that lady in the most eventful periods of her life….To defend myself I must defend the lady that I have served…”
Here are some links for more information on this fascinating woman.
This is an article from the Washington Post about the efforts to find her grave and place a marker on it.
This is a brief biography of Keckley which is part of a web site from the Lakewood, Ohio Public Library that focuses on women in history.
The book was “controversial” and Robert Todd Lincoln, the only surviving child, had the publication pulled. Yet some copies survived and there are reprints available, including one on the shelves in the Lilly Library. It reads like a chatty session with a very dear friend. If you are interested in the Civil War, or Lincoln, or just a good read, I would recommend this fascinating memoir.Best, Beth Swift Archivist Wabash College